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Old Stone Jail at the Goochland Courthouse Public Square

Goochland County Courthouse

Historic Marker in Goochland

Field Day of the Past

Goochland, Virginia

Swamp I

Swamp I by Chappie A. is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0.


Goochland County

Goochland County is located to the west of Richmond and Henrico. Its southern border is formed by the James River.

Goochland was founded in 1728 as the first county formed from Henrico Shire. Goochland originally included all of the land from Tuckahoe Creek, on both sides of the James River, west as far as the Blue Ridge Mountains. The county was named for Sir William Gooch, 1st Baronet, the royal lieutenant governor from 1727 to 1749. As acting royal governor, Gooch promoted settlement of the Virginia backcountry. As the colonists moved into the Piedmont west of Richmond, they first developed tobacco plantations like those of the Tidewater. After the Revolutionary War, tobacco did not yield as high profits as markets changed. In Goochland, as in other areas of Virginia, many planters switched to growing wheat and mixed crops. Tuckahoe Plantation, one of the older James River plantation mansions in the county, has grounds that include a private schoolhouse where Thomas Jefferson and his Randolph cousins were educated.


Goochland County

County Administrator 

Board of Supervisors (Website)

Main Administration Building
1800 Sandy Hook Rd.
P.O. Box 10
Goochland, VA 23063
Google Maps link

Phone number: (804) 556-5800



Featured Reports:


2010 Population


Land area in sq mi


Persons per sq mi

The population of
Goochland grew


in the past 24 years.
Residents per square mile
increased by


in the past 24 years.
Median age of residents
increased by 11.6 to

0 years

between 1990 and 2014.


of Goochland's working residents work inside the county.

Goochland County – Local Pride

  • Goochland County Courthouse
  • Jackson Blacksmith Shop
  • 35-Mile Drive
  • Field of the Past
  • Tuckahoe Plantation
  • Sabot Hill
  • Woodlawn
  • Elk Hill

Goochland County Events

  • Field Day of the Past
  • Fall Festival

See more events


U.S. Decennial Census 1990-2010, American Community Survey, 2014 5-Year Estimates.
U.S. Census, OnTheMap Application, Longitudinal-Employer Household Dynamics Program, 2014.